JNV BAGALKOT

                                                BAGALKOT DISTRICT

                                       With re-organization of the district in 1997, the new Bagalkot district has come into existence during 50 th year of India’s independence.  The bifurcated Bagalkot district consists of six C.D. blocks namely Badami, Bagalkot, Bilagi, Hunugund, Jamakhandi and Mudhol .
                  The district is located in the northern part of Karnataka. The most elevated portion of the district lies between 450 to 800 meters above the sea level extends over an area of 6593 sq. kms. 
                  The district is bounded by Bijapur district towards north, Gadag district towards south, Raichur district towards east, Koppal district towards south east and Belgaum district towards west .

Historical Background

              Historically It is the home land of great ‘Chalukya Dynasty’. Aihole is place described as the laboratory for architecture rather a university of Indian architecture. Badami is famous internationally for caves carved in monolithic single stone in the period of Immadi Pulakeshi-I along with historical famous temples of Pattadakal, Mahakuteshwar temple in Mahakuta, Shivayogmandir and Banashankari temple in Badami. Mudhol is the birth place of great poet “Ranna”.  Bilagi taluka Galagali village is famous for Galava Maharshi. Jamakhandi was the capital city during the period of  “Patawardhana” Kingdom .

              Kudalsangam the place where the great social revolutionist of 12 th century lord “Basavanna” was educated. The galaxy of Sharana’s lived in this Holy Land is itself a matter of pride .

            The district has 605 Revenue villages and 244 habitations and 270 wards as per the recent house to house survey Jan 2001. Some of the tandas are declared as revenue villages. The district for the administrative purpose has been divided in to 2 divisions Bagalkot and Jamakhandi. Bagalkot division comprises of 3 taluks. Bagalkot, Badami, Hungund and Jamakhandi divisions comprise of 3 taluks namely Jamakhandi, Mudhol and Bilagi 

 Rivers  : Rivers  Malaprabha, Ghatprabha and Krishna flows in the district

 Travell of Bagadage  to  BAGALKOT 

            Bagalkot is 90Km away from the city of Bijapur.  According to a legend, the town was believed to be granted to the Vajantries (ie. Village orchestra) of Ravana.  In inscriptions, the old name of the twon was quoted as Bagadage, and headquarters of a unit called Bagadage-70 under the Chalukyas.  one of the Bijapur kings said to have presented the town to his daughter as a bangle or ornament money; consequently the place is said to have been called Bagdikot and corrupted to Bagilakote or Bagalkot.

Journy from  Vatapi  to  BADAMI

           Badami is 500 KM away from Bangalore and 30 Km away from  Bagalkot, is known as Vatapi and Badavi and was laso the capital fo the Early Chalukyas, called as Vatapiadhishtana. Ptolemy's Badiamaioi has been identified with this place.  Chalukya King  Pulikeshi I  strengthened Badami fort and perhaps made it capital and this is inidcated by the earliest Badami Cliff Inscriptions of 543 and the place continued as the royal seat upto 753, barring a brief spell when Pallavas occupied it (642-55).   Badami was also in the possession of the Vijayanagara kings, the Adilshahs, the Savnur Nawab, the Marathas, Haidar Ali and lastly it was annexed by the British who made it a part of the bombay presidency.  The main archaeologicval interest Badami lies in its ancient rock-cut shrines situated in the western part of the Sourth fort, reached by a flight of steps. Out of four rock-cut shrines(Caves), all hewn out of sand stone  on the precipice of a hill, the first three are of the Vedic faith and last one is Jaina.  They are full of mythological sculptures. An inscription found here records the creation of the Shrine by Mangalesh in 578.  There are some paintings on teh ceiling and the style indicates maturity but has lost its original dazzling colour. The fourth cave is Jaina which lies a little east of cave III.  The sanctum is adorned by the image of Mahavira.   Image of Jain Tirthankara and idols of Bahubali, Yakshas and Yakshis are engraved in inner pillars and walls.     Overlooking the cave temples is a well built reserviour, locally current as Agasthya Tirtha and its bank is dotted with temples .

 Bhanashakri : About five km from Badami and the famous temple of Banashankari or Shakambari here is hightly reserved.  The idol is of blackstone seated on linon and tramples a demon by foot.  This old Dravidian temple has been modernised. In front of the temple is a large pond called as Haridra Tirtha corrupt form of Harishchandra Tirtha.  t is enclosed by stone mantapas on the three sides with inner colonnades. A Jatra is held at Banada Hunnime .

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